School Logo

There is only one thing that makes a dream impossible to achieve:

The fear of failure.

Paulo Cuelho "The Alchemist"

discover more...

Anfield Road Primary School

Get in touch

Contact Details


What are Adverse Childhood Experiences ACEs?

Information from Liverpool CAMHS


Adverse Childhood Experiences, (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences that can have a huge impact on children and young people throughout their lives. 


The ten widely recognised (ACEs), as identified in a US study from the 1990s, are


As well as these 10 ACEs, there is a range of other types of childhood adversity. These can have similar negative long term effects. These include bereavement, bullying, poverty In addition to these there are community adversities such as living in a deprived area, neighbourhood violence etc. 


Why do ACEs matter?


Adversity in childhood can create harmful levels of stress which impact healthy brain development. For instance, this can results in long term effects on learning, behaviour and health. 


How common are ACEs?


In England, almost half of adults have experiences at lest one ACE, and 10% experiencing four or more. 



The impact of ACEs


ACEs have been found to be associated with a range of poorer health and social outcomes in adulthood. These increase as the number of ACEs increase. 


In addition, ACEs can have a lasting effect on health and wellbeing across the life course. Above all, this can result in profound adverse effects on…


The ACE pyramid 


The mechanism by which Adverse Childhood Experiences influence healthy and wellbeing throughout the lifespan. 


ACEs don’t define you! It is essential to understand that these statistics are in association and not causation of ACEs to later health outcomes. In conclusion, it shows the important of hwy work needs to happen to support young people who have experiences adversity and trauma. You are not defined by the experiences you have lived through!